MEDICOLOGY: PHARMACOLOGY QUIZZES 27 | Multiple Choice Questions| Medical Exam Preparations

Sunday, January 30, 2022

PHARMACOLOGY QUIZZES 27 | Multiple Choice Questions| Medical Exam Preparations

01. Which of the following drug is penicillin?
A. Niacin
B. Ampicillin 
C. Fenofibrate
D. Ezetimibe
E. Cefadroxil 

Answer: B. Ampicillin 

02. A drug that belongs to Cephalosporins is one of the following?
A. Niacin
B. Fluvastatin
C. Ampicillin 
D. Ezetimibe
E. Cefazolin

Answer: E. Cefazolin

03. A drug that belongs to Carbapenems is one of the following?
A. Niacin
B. Fluvastatin
C. Cefazolin 
D. Ezetimibe
E. Imipenem

Answer: E. Imipenem

04. Relit horny belongs to the class of following drugs?
A. Antiviral 
B. Antipyretic 
C. Antiprotozoal
D. Antibiotics 
E. Anti-malaria 

Answer: D. Antibiotics

05. A drug that is used to treat HIV infections is one of the following?
A. Cladribine
B. Praziquantel 
C. Abacavir
D. Etidronate
E.  Niclosamide

Answer: C. Abacavir

06. A drug that belongs to Platelet inhibitors?
A. Propafenone (IC)
B. Aspirin
C. Amiodarone
D. Verapamil

Answer: B. Aspirin

07. A drug that belongs to Anticoagulants?
A. Quinidine (IA)
B. Dabigatran
C. Amiodarone
D. Verapamil

Answer: B. Dabigatran

08. Following a myocardial infarct, a 40-year-old male patient is being treated with a drug that affords prophylaxis against cardiac arrhythmias. He complains of dizziness and feelings of nausea but has not vomited.  He sees "double" and bright lights that disturb him but sometimes. ECG reveals the prolongation of the QRS complex and increased QT interval. The drug most likely to be responsible for these effects is
A. Acebutolol
B. Lidocaine
C. Procainamide
D. Quinidine
E. Verapamil

Answer: Quinidine

09. Which one of the following drugs belongs to drugs for obesity?
A. Aluminium hydroxide 
B. Orlistat
C. Nizatidine 
D. Ezetimibe
E. Indanyl carbenicillin 

Answer: B. Orlistat

10. Quinidine belongs to one of the following CLASS of Antiarrhythmic drugs?

Answer: A. CLASS I  

11. Which of the following is the function of Angiotensin 2 Except?
A. Decrease Renin secretion
B. Increase Renin secretion
C. Increase Aldosterone release
D. Increase catecholamines release
E. Vasoconstriction

Answer: B. Increase Renin Secretion

12. Which of the following concentrations of adrenaline does not correspond to the respective route of administration:
a. 1: 10000 for IV
b. 1: 1000 for Inhalational
c. 1: 1000 for muscular
d. 1: 1000 for Subcutaneous

Answer: B. 1: 1000 for inhalational

13. Highly reactive cox-2 Inhibitors may lead to acute coronary artery disease because cox-2 inhibitors affect which of the following?
A. Tx-A2
B. Lx-A4
C. PG-I2
D. Lx-B4

Answer: C. PG-I2

14. A 35-year-old male presents with symptoms of cough & fever for the last few days. Sputum culture shows the presence of gram-positive cocci. Which one of the following Fluoroquinolones is most likely to be administered to this patient?
a) Ciprofloxacin
b) Norfloxacin
c) Ofloxacin
d) Gatifloxacin
e) Levofloxacin

Answer: d) Gatifloxacin

15. Which one of the following adverse effects belongs to cholestyramine?
A. Migraine 
B. Neurological pain
C. Heart palpitations 
D. GIT disturbance 
E. High blood pressure 

Answer: D. GIT disturbance 

16. The administration of succinylcholine to a paraplegic patient led to the appearance of dysrhythmias conduction abnormalities and finally cardiac arrest.
The  most likely reason is :
a. Hypercalcemia
b. hyperkalemia
c. Hypermagnesemia
d. Anaphylaxis

Answer: b. hyperkalemia

17. 75 years old male was assessed with NSAID-induced gastric ulcer. The most appropriate drug to prescribe would be:
a) Misoprostol
b) alprostadil
c) Dinoprostone
d) latanoprost
e) epoprostenol 

Answer: a) Misoprostol

18. Mechanism of action of insulin is following except?
A. Inhibit hepatic glycogen synthesis
B. Increase Protein synthesis
C. Inhibit lipolysis
D. Stimulate peripheral uptake of glucose

Answer: A. Inhibit Hepatic glycogen synthesis

19. Which one of the following Diuretic drugs inhibits the Na+/K+/2Cl-  cotransport resulting in the retention of Na+, Cl- l, and water in the ascending loop of Henle tubules?
A. Loop Diuretics
B. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
C. Thiazide Diuretic
D. Potassium-sparing Diuretics

Answer: A. Loop Diuretics

20. A maximum daily dose of Acetaminophen for no longer than 3 days for fever without consulting a physician is following?
A. 660 mg
B. 1200 mg
C. 2000 mg
D. 4000 mg
E. 6000 mg

Answer: D. 4000mg

21. Which one of the following drugs causes the accumulation of fat at the base of the neck?
A. Protease inhibitors  
C. Integrase inhibitors 
D. Alkylating agents 
E. Microtubule inhibitors 

Answer: A. Protease inhibitors 

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