Showing posts with label CASE Study MCQs. Show all posts
Showing posts with label CASE Study MCQs. Show all posts

Friday, December 11, 2020

Case studies MCQs and their Solutions

During newspaper delivery, a boy walked into the Outpatient Department (OPD) with a history of having palpitations since morning. His pulse and heart rate were difficult to count. He was immediately shifted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and an urgent electrocardiogram (ECG) was taken which showed narrow complex tachycardia with a heart rate of 194 per min and an absence of P waves. His blood pressure was 100/73 mmHg. He was comfortable at rest with no distress and not in cardiac failure. Carotid sinus massage was tried, which failed to convert Supraventricular Tachycardia. He was diagnosed with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Which of the following drugs would you think is the drug of the first choice in this situation?
a. Adenosine
b. Propranolol
c. Verapamil
d. Amiodarone
e. Lidocaine

Answer: a. Adenosine

An 86-year-old female presented with a slate-gray pigmentation on the (butterfly) sun-exposed areas of the face with erythema and hyperpigmentation. There was no irritation, itching, ulceration, or discharge. A physical exam showed similar areas over both legs with atrophic skin, which the patient attributed to previous superficial wounds and bruises from falls. Examination showed no other pigmentation changes over the upper extremities, trunk, oral mucosa, sclera, or nail beds. Past medical history was significant for hypertension and atrial fibrillation. Which of the following drugs may be responsible?
a. Bretylium
b. Sotalol
c. Amiodarone
d. Quinidine
e. Digoxin

Answer: c. Amiodarone