MEDICOLOGY: PHARMACOLOGY QUIZZES 35 | Multiple Choice Questions| Medical Exam Preparations

Sunday, January 30, 2022

PHARMACOLOGY QUIZZES 35 | Multiple Choice Questions| Medical Exam Preparations

01. Which of the following drug belongs to penicillins?
A. Niacin
B. Atorvastatin
C. Fenofibrate
D. Ezetimibe
E. Piperacillin 

Answer: E. Piperacillin

02. Which one of the following drugs is a Cephalosporin drug?
A. Niacin
B. Ceftizoxime
C. Ampicillin 
D. Ezetimibe
E. Oxacillin

Answer: B. Ceftizoxime

03. A drug that belongs to CARBAPENEMS is one of the following?
A. Niacin
B. Aztreonam
C. Cefazolin 
D. Sulbactam
E. Doripenem

Answer: E. Doripenem

04. Triamterene belongs to one of the following classes of diuretics?
A. Thiazide Diuretic
B. Loop Diuretics
C. Potassium sparing diuretics
D. Osmotic Diuretics

Answer: C. Potassium-sparing Diuretics

05. Following is the 4th generation cephalosporin drug?
A. Cefdinir
B. Cefaclor
C. Cefadroxil
D. Cefepime
E. Cephalexin

Answer: D. Cefepime

06. Mechanism of action of oral hypoglycemic drug Acarbose?
A. The decrease in glucose absorption
B. Decrease hepatic production of glucose
C. Stimulates insulin secretion
D. Increase glucose secretion
E. Increase insulin secretion

Answer: A. The decrease in glucose absorption

07. Which one of the following drugs belongs to ANTIMETABOLITES drugs for Cancer?
A. 5-Fluorouracil
B. Capreomycin
C. Lamivudine 
D. Ezetimibe
E. Indanyl carbenicillin 

Answer: A. 5-Fluorouracil

08. Which of the following drug is a part of drugs for subcutaneous and systemic mycoses?
A. Ibandronate
B.  Posaconazole
C. Capecitabine
D. Miconazole
E. Naftifine

Answer: B. Posaconazole

09. Which of the following drug is a part of drugs for subcutaneous and systemic mycoses?
A. Ibandronate
B.  Ketoconazole
C. Capecitabine
D. Miconazole
E. Naftifine

Answer: B. Ketoconazole

10. Amikacin belongs to the class of following drugs?
A. Antiviral 
B. Antipyretic 
C. Antiprotozoal
D. Antibiotics 
E. Anti-malaria 

Answer: D. Antibiotics

13. A 35-year-old patient with a history of asthma presents with hemoptysis and worsening of asthma. Blood tests reveal eosinophilia. He is diagnosed with Churg-Strauss syndrome. Which one of the following drugs is most likely to have precipitated this diagnosis?
a) Cromolyn Sodium
b) Flunisolide
c) Salmeterol
d) Zileuton
e) Zafirlukast

Answer: e) Zafirlukast
The answer is e, zafirlukast, there has been an association between LTD4 antagonists and Churg Strauss syndrome;  or allergic granulomatous angiitis is a rare syndrome that affects small- to medium-sized arteries and veins. Wegener granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, and the microscopic form of periarteritis (ie, microscopic polyangiitis) are three closely related vasculitic syndromes that affect medium- and small-sized vessels and are associated with antibodies to neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens (ANCAs)
Churg-Strauss syndrome-like syndrome develops as a rare complication in people with asthma who are steroid-dependent and who are treated with leukotriene receptor antagonists (eg, montelukast, zafirlukast) upon reduction in their oral steroid dose. The Churg-Strauss syndrome-like complication is reported in people whose withdrawal of oral steroids is also facilitated by inhaled steroids. This complication is probably related to steroid withdrawal, which unmasks underlying Churg-Strauss syndrome, rather than to the drugs themselves. However, in rare cases, this syndrome has developed when a leukotriene receptor antagonist has been substituted for inhaled steroids without a history of oral steroid withdrawal. Other leukotriene modifiers like zileuton have been less implicated.

14. The principal androgen responsible for the development of male genitalia is?
a) Androstenedione
b) Dihydrotestosterone
c) Testosterone
d) Androsterone

Answer: b) Dihydrotestosterone

15. Which one of the following drugs is a Selective inhibitor of cytokine production and function?
A. Cyclosporine
B. Azathioprine
C. Daclizumab
D. Prednisolone

Answer: A. Cyclosporine

16. Systems antacid agent is one of the following drugs?
A. Magnesium substance
B. Aluminum substance
C. Sodium Bicarbonate
D. A & B 
E. ALL of the above

Answer:  C. Sodium Bicarbonate

17. According to the black box warning by the use of Adalimumab (anti-TNF-alpha agent) following risk and adverse effects is monitored carefully?
A. Severe loss of bone density
B. High potassium levels
C. Toxic megacolon
D. Risk of pneumonia

Answer: D. Risk of Pneumonia

18. Which of the following antihypertensive drug causes severe hypertension in massive overdose?
A. Methyldopa
B. Clonidine
C. Bethanidine
D. Guanethidine
E. Reserpine

Answer: B. Clonidine

19. A drug used to reduce the secretion of pepsin and gastric acid and promote the formation of mucus in the stomach?
A. Allopurinol
B. Misoprostol
C. Sulindac
D. Probenecid

Answer: B. Misoprostol

20. A 55-year-old woman comes to you with complaints of urinary incontinence for the last few months. Which one of the following drugs will you most likely prescribe her? 
a) Atropine
b) Hyoscine
c) Ipratropium
d) Pirenzepine
e) Tolterodine

Answer: e) Tolterodine

11. Somogyi effect is considered as one of the following terms?
A. Fasting hyperglycemia
B. Rebound hyperglycemia
C. Slow hyperglycemia 
D. A & B 

Answer: B. Rebound hyperglycemia

12. Which one of the following drugs blocks the Interleukin-2 receptor?
A. Basiliximab
B. Sirolimus
C. Azathioprine
D. Cyclosporine

Answer: A. Basiliximab

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